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  • Writer's picturePaul Coward

Understanding the Different Types of Party Walls


Party walls are a crucial element in property ownership, especially in densely populated areas where buildings share boundaries. They serve as the common walls between adjacent properties and are subject to specific legal considerations. Understanding the different types of party walls is essential for property owners, as it can impact property rights, responsibilities, and potential disputes. In this blog, we will explore the various types of party walls and provide insights into their significance.


  1. Shared Party Wall: A shared party wall is perhaps the most common type. It is a wall that physically separates two properties and is jointly owned by both property owners. Shared party walls typically occur in semi-detached houses, townhouses, or apartments, where the wall is the dividing line between the two units. Both owners have equal rights and responsibilities when it comes to maintenance, repairs, and alterations to the shared wall.

  2. Adjoining Party Wall: An adjoining party wall is located on the boundary line between two properties but is not shared. Each property owner owns and is responsible for the half of the wall that faces their land. While the wall itself may not be shared, there are still legal obligations for property owners concerning maintenance and alterations. These obligations are governed by party wall agreements and laws.

  3. Party Fence Wall: Party fence walls are typically lower walls, such as garden walls, that separate two properties. They are often used for boundary definition rather than structural support. Unlike shared or adjoining party walls, party fence walls are usually the responsibility of one property owner, but the other owner has rights under the law to attach fixtures or decorations as long as they do not damage the wall.

  4. Solid Wall Within a Property: In some cases, a party wall may exist entirely within a single property, separating different sections of a building. Although not shared with an adjoining property, these walls are considered party walls when they are subject to party wall agreements and regulations. For example, when one property owner wishes to carry out work that might affect the structural integrity of the wall, they must notify and obtain consent from their neighbour.

  5. Party Structure: A party structure goes beyond just a wall. It includes any structural element shared by two properties, such as floors or ceilings. Party structures may require more complex agreements and considerations because they involve shared elements that impact the integrity of both properties. Examples of party structures can include the foundations and beams shared by semi-detached houses.



Common notifiable work to these walls include: building new walls on or adjacent to a Party Wall; excavating near an adjoining property; cutting into a Party Wall; altering the thickness or character of a Party Wall; demolishing or rebuilding a Party Wall; installing damp-proofing or insulation; work on party structures; loft conversions and roof alterations; chimney breast removal.


Understanding the different types of party walls is essential for property owners to navigate the legal and structural aspects of property boundaries. Whether you have a shared, adjoining, or party fence wall, being aware of your rights and responsibilities is key to maintaining good neighbourly relations and preventing disputes. Whenever significant work is planned on a party wall or structure, it's advisable to engage with a party wall surveyor or legal professional to ensure compliance with the relevant laws and regulations.

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